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Joyce Hawkes, PhD, a biophysicist and cell-biologist by training, is a Fellow in the American Association for the Advancement of Science and author of 36 scientific publications. After a near-death experience, she embarked on an exploration of indigenous healing traditions in Southeast Asia and now teaches energy healing at the interface of science and spirit.Estimated Reading Time: 2 mins
Joyce Hawkes, PhD is a Fellow in the American Association for the Advancement of Science for her work as a research biophysicist. After a near-death experience in 1976 she was drawn to an exploration of indigenous healing traditions around the world, and now offers healing at the interface between Science and Spirit.
Joyce Hawkes, Ph.D. author and founder of Cell-Level Healing, provides healing facilitation for clients worldwide through distance sessions. Her book Cell-Level Healing: The Bridge from Soul to Cell explains her method, provides tools for self-healing, and gives examples of …
Soil and Tillage Research ;53 34 Despite the intent of biofuels production as an alternative to fossil fuel sources, its sustaina bility has been often criticized. Mechanical filtration: inputs needed are soil texture, distance surface to groundwater. While this leaves less land for perma nent preservation, more biodiversity can occur on the wildlife-friendly agricultural land itself Fischer et al. Evaluation of change in one indicator is interrelated to changes in other indicators: the loss of organic matter reduces soil fertility and degrades soil structure. Among biofuels, biodiesel is one of the main alternative energy sources. Shaded coffee agroforestry systems form a matrix around remnant patches of the cloud forest, and provide connections between the forest fragments and other habitats in the landscape. However, closer analysis revealed that while habitat modification did not have a significant effect on the distribution of most of the species it had a profound impact on the rarer species. You may book a distance appointment with Helen by choosing her as a provider below. This Directive defines the obligations with which industrial and agricultural activities, with an high pollu tion potential, must comply. Three field triallocations were chosen for seasons and , taking into account Italys wide latitudinal distribution two locations in the north and one location in the south In all the field trials, untreated plots were set up as control. Soil properties are usually classified as chemical, physical, and biological characteristics even if stringent classification of many in dicators would not be advisable since a soil property can be ascribed to multiple categories: Biological indicators give a measurement of the biological activity of the soil. Land choice Marginal lands have received an increased attention by the bioenergy industry as an alter native to cropland for feedstock supply that could help to address the food versus fuel de bate challenging the industrys further development . Characterization of soil quality: physical and chemical cri teria. National action plans have to establish path ways for the development of renewable energy sources, create cooperation mechanisms to help achieving the targets cost effectively and establish the sustainability criteria for bio fuels6. Weed Technology, ;12 1 Land Use impact assessment for agronomic system In relation to biofuels, land use translates not only into land occupation for a certain time, but also in possible perturbation of soil quality trend. See All Read. Joyce Hawkes, PhD, a biophysicist and cell-biologist by training, is a Fellow in the American Association for the Advancement of Science and author of 36 scientific publications. This phase aims at the characterization of an innovative agronomic sol 6 Art. This paper presents an overview of the impact of oil palm plantations on biodiversity and carbon storage. It was common practice especially in LCA of agronomic system to evaluate land use as m2year, meaning that less impact is linked to less use of land. Method for assessing impacts on life sup portfuction LSF related to the use of fertile land in life cycle assessment LCA. Kulshreshtha and X. Requirements and test methods. From figure 1 it can be seen that the area under oil palm plantations has risen significantly since and this expansion is a major driver for forest loss. Since , an nually, the Conference of the Parties COP takes place and in , with the occasion, the. As the term generation indicates, biofuels are classified according to their progressive in troduction on the market during the last years1. Based in this, the LCA practitioners are expected to calculate the characterisation factor for the foreground system. This in turn is expected to cause an increase in for est loss as natural forests are removed to make way for oil palm monocultures Butler, This variability is not only linked to the chosen crop but also to the site, to the agricultural practices, the. Plantation assemblages are typically dominated by a few generalists e. Joyce Hawkes at Omega. For instance differentiations between land use types such as conventional and organic farming are not possible yet. The de mand for vegetable oil based biofuel such as oil palm based biodiesel is expected to rise exponentially over the coming decades. However it is still not common practice to include land use impacts in LCA studies and an agreed coherent and consistent method has yet to be defined, in the last years some interesting approaches have been proposed. She offers up the potential for self-healing, always waiting within us. Which soil tillage? The coverage of oil palm plantations in Indonesia and Malaysia in is illustrated in Figure 1. In this chapter, two main scenarios have been selected to compare the production of biofuel using two different crops. Thanks to its standardized methodology ISO and ISO and the increase in quali ty and number of database available, LCA has recently grown in importance as one of the most complete and reliable methodology to environmental sustainability of biofuels. Bianchi, C. Chiavetta, P. In accordance with the model: the abundance of imperilled bird species is reportedly fold lower in fragments and fold lower in oil palm plantations than in primary contiguous forest; retention of forest fragments does not increase bird abundance in adjacent oil palm plantations; and fragments have lower species richness than contiguous forest, with an avifaunal composition that is more similar to that of the plantations than contiguous forest Edwards et al.
Joyce Hawkes, Ph. Her second book, Resonance: Nine Practices for Harmonious Health and Vitality is a useful guide for healing and is filled with stories and examples from Joyce's life and work. Please Note: Joyce continues to be booked out several months in advance. She specializes in physical and mental trauma release, anxiety reduction, and centering techniques to support people with health and emotional challenges, and works with people around the world. You may book a distance appointment with Helen by choosing her as a provider below. She specializes in support for gifted and sensitive children and their families, as well as providing healing facilitation for those with various health and emotional challenges. You may book a distance appointment with Erika by choosing her as a provider below. Annalisa Jacobson, BA Cell-Level Healing facilitator, is an endorsed associate of Joyce Hawkes, Along with healing for physical, mental, and emotional issues she has experience with chemical dependency conditions. You may book a distance appointment with Annalisa by choosing her as a provider below. Please note times listed are Pacific Time Zone. We collect your name, address, phone number, email address, conferencing id, and session goal as needed in order to communicate with you and serve you. We never share or sell your personal data. Online data is secured by our provider, Full Slate. Our hand-written data is secured in our workplaces in a locked file at all times.
This dichotomy may be due to the vegetation structure of monocultures being too simple to support high levels of species diversity, while multi-species plantations especially those that encompass remnants of native. The publisher assumes no responsibility for any damage or injury to persons or property arising out of the use of any materials, instructions, methods or ideas contained in the book. Fukuda et al. A range of interven tion strategies are available to farmers. The authors decided to exploit the green manure as partial source of nutrients, complement ing the nutrient needs of the successive oilseeds crop with organic poultry manure. A quantitative assessment of the determinants of the net energy value of biofuels Energy Policy, 38 5 , pp. The species losses have not been restricted to birds. The results confirm that a high proportion of species formerly present in the region are unable to adapt to conversion of forest to oil palm and rubber plantations, resulting in large losses of bird species and the replacement of species with high conservation status by those with extensive ranges and low conservation status. Despite its proposed benefits, the land sparing approach has been heavily critiqued in a body of peer-reviewed literature. In , due to a complex ratification process, Kyoto Protocol entered into force introducing the operational provisions agreed by the countries to stabilize and then reduce GHG emissions . In addition to structurally complex agroforestry systems, these include small rainforest fragments in agricultural landscapes, high conservation value forests and wildlife corridors aspects of which are discussed in detail below. For subsets of forest species of terrestrial pteridophytes and birds, species richness was lower in the jungle rubber systems than in primary forest. Part 2: Impact assessment. The following information is needed about the field to calculate the SCI: Soil texture Climate data All crops in the crop rotation Typical yield for each crop Additional applications of organic matter or removals of organic matter All field operations tillage, fertilizer and manure application, harvest Rates of erosion The SCI can predict if a particular management system will have a positive or negative trend in SOM. ISSN Commitments of countries are based, since , on the scientific contribution of the Inter governmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC which periodically publish the Assessment Reports AR of the state of the knowledge on climate change 4 . Land use indicators in life cycle assessment. Theoretical foundations of designer landscapes From a biodiversity conservation perspective, maintaining vast areas of unmodified land has been considered to be desirable. Currently, this is still a critical aspect of life cycle analysis LCA tools to evaluate bio fuels impacts on land use change. Different crops provide soil with different root sizes and types, contributing to improved soil structure, varied diet for soil beneficial organisms, improved pest control and organic matter. However, the results presented by Struebig et al. However today is acknowledged that changes in the quality of land should also be assessed in LCA. Other researches are trying to find non-edible oil crops for biodiesel such as some brassicaceae e. SOM evalua tion could help also in GHG emission assessment biofumigant green manure practice al ready showed important saving in COeq emissions, calculated with a simplified LCA approach . Nevertheless, feedstock costs re main high not necessarily due to the feedstock retrieval, but almost due to processing and GHG emission savings still need to be ascertained by properly analysis of possible emission from land use change . Nutrient and irrigation management Soil fertility can be improved by managing nutrient stocks and flows. Agricultural management practices: The starting point to improve soil quality The RED criteria basically determine only the types of ecosystems allowed for conversion into biofuel feedstock production and do not set any requirements on how the feedstock is produced. Authors choose to set tillage, nutrient and irri gation management at the lowest level suggested by the good agricultural practices as explained in paragraph 5. Boffito and G. These fuels are currently widespread and considering production cost sfor feedstocks, first generation biofuels have nearly reached their maximum market share in the fuels market. Defining Soil Quality for a Sustainable Environ ment. Similarly, Arroyo-Rodriguez et al. Rispoli1, C. National action plans have to establish path ways for the development of renewable energy sources, create cooperation mechanisms to help achieving the targets cost effectively and establish the sustainability criteria for bio fuels6. Finally, I would like to express my deepest gratitude towards my family for their kind coop eration and encouragement, which help me in completion of this project. In regions such as Indonesia there are relatively few pristine areas and agricultureforest mosaics now comprise much of the landscape Koh et al. This in turn is expected to cause an increase in for est loss as natural forests are removed to make way for oil palm monocultures Butler, She offers up the potential for self-healing, always waiting within us. Due to the rapidly expanding human populations large increases in the supply of agricultural products are required, which may lead to the transformation of many landscapes including biodiversity-rich tropical rainforests to agricultural landscapes Ewers et al. Baitz : based on the method proposed by Baitz and further developed by Bos and Wittstock. Chiavetta2, P. Instead of taking an either-or approach, Koh et al. Nematodes are worm-like inverte brates known since a long time but the development of plant protection products effec tive against these parasites is still a challenge of research and development for agrochemical industries. However, the coffee agricultural systems and natural forests differ in species composition, notably birds that are highly sensitive to disturbance are more abundant in primary forests. The results showed that biodiversity loss using moths as indicator species was most significant in oil palm plantations, the most common form of forest conversion in Sabah. Which pest management? You may book a distance appointment with Helen by choosing her as a provider below. King, PhD, author of the Cellular Wisdom series. Harvey et al. Accordingly C displays the land quality after regeneration and is thus the reference situa tion for the calculation of occupation. After this work has been published by InTech, authors have the right to republish it, in whole or part, in any publication of which they are the author, and to make other personal use of the work. Oil crop choice To face the ethical and economic problem of using edible crops for biodiesel production pur poses, the authors made a selection of the most promising crops to be introduced in the Mediterranean zone among the non-edible ones, taking into account that currently the Med iterranean basin comprises also slightly-arid lands . Renewable energy and sustainable development: a crucial review. Biofuels sustainability evaluation: An overview on land use impact assessment Biofuels are often considered the best solution to face problems connected to the growing use of fossil fuels like global warming or raw material depletion, although currently there is not yet a unique and recommended methodology to assess their environmental sustainability. The method developed by Mil i Canals takes into account both occupation and transforma tion process of land as function of the area used, the time duration of occupation and trans formation process and the quality of land before, during and after the land use.
Dyer, Raymond L. Desjardins, Suren Kulshreshtha, Brian G. McConkey, Xavier P. After this work has been published by InTech, authors have the right to republish it, in whole or part, in any publication of which they are the author, and to make other personal use of the work. Any republication, referencing or personal use of the work must explicitly identify the original source. Notice Statements and opinions expressed in the chapters are these of the individual contributors and not necessarily those of the editors or publisher. No responsibility is accepted for the accuracy of information contained in the published chapters. The publisher assumes no responsibility for any damage or injury to persons or property arising out of the use of any materials, instructions, methods or ideas contained in the book. ISBN Barnab, R. Bucchi, A. Rispoli, C. Chiavetta, P. Porta, C. Bianchi, C. Pirola, D. Boffito and G. Dyer, R. Desjardins, B. McConkey, S. Kulshreshtha and X. Hughes, William R. Gibbons, Bryan R. Moser and Joseph O. Rich Environment Preface Biofuels are gaining public and scientific attention driven by high oil prices, the need for en ergy security and global warming concerns. There are various social, economic, environ mental and technical issues regarding biofuel production and its practical use. This book is intended to address these issues by providing viewpoints written by professionals in the field and the book also covers the economic and environmental impact of biofuels. This text includes 14 chapters contributed by experts around world on the economy, eviron ment and sustainability of biofuel production and use. The chapters are categorized into 3 parts: Feedstocks, Biofuels, Environment Section one, focuses on the sustainability and economy of feedstock production. Chapters 1 and 2 discuss the sustainability and biodiversity of land use for biofuel crops. Chapter 3 gives a case study on rapid expansion of soy production in a region of Argentina. Chapter 4 assesses biofuel feedstock production in Canada by farm energy analysis. Chapter 5 ana lyzes the processes of biofuel production using waste carbon dioxide and solar energy. Chapter 6 presents a case study on social and economic development caused by oil palm plantation in Indonesia. Section 2, Chapters analyzes biofuel systems. Chapter 7 evaluates the sustainability of biofuels via life cycle and integrated sustainability modeling and analysis with considera tion to temporal and spatial dimensions. Chapter 8 overviews the logistics of bioenergy sys tems, with particular attention to the economic and sustainability implications of the different transport, processing and energy conversion systems for heat and power genera tion. Chapter 9 discusses efficiently converting biomass to biofuels and value-added coproducts. Section 3, Chapters gives environmental analyses of biofuels. Environmental consid eration and assessment of biofuels are given in Chapters 10 and Evaluation of gaseous emissions by the use of biofuels is presented in Chapter Energy policies in Brazil related to climate change and CO2 emission abatement are overviewed in Chapter Finally, vehi cle emissions from biofuel combustion are commented in Chapter 14 This book overviews social, economic, environmental and sustainable issues by the use of biofuels. It should be of interest for students, researchers, scientists and technologists in bio fuels. I would like to thank all the contributing authors for their time and efforts in the careful con struction of the chapters and for making this project realizable. It is certain to inspire many young scientists and engineers who will benefit from careful study of these works and that. I am grateful to Ms. Iva Simcic Publishing Process Manager for her encouragement and guidelines during my preparation of the book.